Volume IIIA – The Soviet Forces, Mobilisation and War Economy: June to December 1941 (Part I).

Overview

Volume IIIA is concerned with the Soviet Armed Forces. All the significant Soviet weapon systems and combat squads used in the campaign are analysed using the quantitative methodology detailed in Volume I, along with the contextual history. An assessment of each weapon system’s inherent ‘combat power’ is provided, as well as attributes such as the relative anti-tank, anti-personnel and anti-aircraft values.

Volume IIIA then focuses on the detailed Shtat (Tables of Organisation and Equipment) for all types of Soviet land units. Also included (which is very important), is each combat unit’s actual organisation and equipment (wherever known), and details of the total personnel and equipment strengths in each Military District in the USSR on 22nd June 1941. All significant units in the Red Army, NKVD, VVS and Militia forces are covered (including those on the Far Eastern Front and Military Districts not in the western USSR). These units range from largest mechanised corps and tank divisions, down to small anti-aircraft companies, NKVD security units, militia (fighter) battalions and engineer companies. In all cases the data is presented in detailed tables, using the weapon systems and combat squads previously analysed.

Volume IIIA also includes an extremely detailed OOB (Order of Battle) for the Red Army and NKVD forces on 22nd June 1941. Each Soviet Military District is presented separately (including the STAVKA Reserves), with all divisional and separate units shown. The latter includes even very small units such as: anti-aircraft companies, RVGK artillery units, construction battalions, mortar battalions, PVO units and NKVD Border units.

The size of Volume III – The Soviet Armed Forces, Mobilisation and War Economy from June to December 1941, dictates it is published in two separate books (each, 500 -700 plus pages).

Table of content

Operation Barbarossa: the Complete Organisational and Statistical Analysis, and Military Simulation Volume IIIA

 Table of Contents

The Soviet Armed Forces, Mobilisation and War Economy from June to December 1941

List of Abbreviations

Introduction

1. Overview of the Structure and Terms Used in the Soviet Fully Integrated Land and Air Resource Model (FILARM)

2. The Soviet Personnel and Equipment Resource Database

(Separate Table: Soviet Weapon Database OCPCs)
(Separate Table: Soviet Weapon, Specific Combat Attributes)

1) Soviet Light Infantry Weapons

a. Machine Guns
b. Small Arms

2) Soviet Squads Equipped with Light Infantry Weapons

3) Heavy Infantry Weapons

a. Anti-Tank Rifles
b. Anti-Tank Guns (AT Guns)
c. Mortars
d. Infantry Guns

4) Artillery Weapons

a. Light Divisional Artillery (75-105mm Guns, Howitzers, Gun-Howitzers)
b. Medium to Heavy Divisional Artillery (122-155mm Howitzers)
c. Heavy Corps Artillery (100-152mm Guns-Cannons)
d. Super Heavy Corps Artillery (200-305mm Guns, Howitzers and Mortars)
e. Railway and Coastal Artillery
f. Rocket Artillery

5) Anti-Aircraft Weapons

a. Anti-Aircraft Machine Guns (AAMGs)
b. Light to Medium AA guns (20-40mm)
c. Heavy AA guns (75-105mm)

6) Tanks

a. T-27 Tankette
b. T-37 Amphibious Tankette
c. T-38 Amphibious Tankette
d. T-40 Amphibious Tankette
e. T-26 Light Tank
i. The T-26 and Fire Control Efficiency
f. T-50 Light Tank
g. T-60 Light Tank
h. BT-2 and BT-5 Fast Tanks
i. BT-7 Fast Tank
j. T-28 Medium Tank
k. T-34 Medium Tank
i. The T34 in WWII: the Legend vs. the Performance
l. T-35 Heavy Tank
m. KV-1 Heavy Tank
i. KV-1 Shortcomings during 1941-42
n. KV-2 Heavy Tank

7) Armoured Cars

a. Light and Medium Armoured Cars

i. BA-27 and BA-27M Medium Armoured Car
ii. D-8 and D-12 Light Armoured Cars
iii. D-13 Medium Armoured Car
iv. FAI and FAI-M Light Armoured Car
v. BA-20 and BA-20M Light Armoured Cars

b. Heavy Armoured Cars

i. BAI Heavy Armoured Car
ii. BA-3 Heavy Armoured Car
iii. BA-6 and BA-6M Heavy Armoured Cars
iv. BA-10 and BA-10M Heavy Armoured Cars

c. The Dearth of Soviet Wheeled and Semi-Tracked AFVs, and its Effect on the Success of ‘Deep Battle’

8) Armoured Trains
9) Transport and Prime Movers

a. Horse Teams
b. Trucks

i. Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod (GAZ)
ii. Zavod Imeni Stalina (ZIS)
iii. Yaroslavskiy Auto Zavod (YaAZ)
iv. Soviet Motor Vehicle production from 1941 to 1945, and the Effects of Lend Lease
v. Trucks in the Soviet FILARM Model

c. Light Transports

i. GAZ-A
ii. GAZ-M1 and GAZ-415
iii. GAZ-11
iv. GAZ-61
v. GAZ-64
vi. ZIS-101 and ZIS-101A
vii. KIM-10
viii. Light Transports in the Soviet FILARM Model

d. Tractors (Prime Movers)

i. T-27 Tankette, Light Tractor
ii. T-20 Komsomolets, Light Armoured Tractor
iii. Chelyabinskiy Traktornyy Zavod (ChTZ)
iv. ChTZ S-60 Medium-Heavy Tractor Stalinets
v. ChTZ S-65 Heavy Tractor Stalinets
vi. S-2 High Speed Heavy Tractor Stalinets
vii. Stalingradskiy Traktornyy Zavod (STZ)
viii. Kharkovskiy Traktornyy Zavod (KhTZ)
ix. STZ-3 Medium Tractor
x. STZ-5 High Speed Medium Tractor
xi. Kharkovskiy Parovoznyi Zavod (KhPZ)
xii. Kommunar Medium Tractor
xiii. Komintern Medium-Heavy Tractor
xiv. Voroshilovets Heavy Tractor
xv. Soviet Halftrack Vehicles
xvi. ZIS-22 and ZIS-22M Halftracks
xvii. GAZ-60 Halftrack
xviii. ZIS-33 Halftrack
xix. Tractors in the Soviet FILARM Model

10) Fighter Aircraft

a. Polikarpov I-16
b. Curtiss P-40

11) Fighter Bomber Aircraft

a. Polikarpov I-153, I-15bis and I-15
b. Yakovlev Yak-1
c. Lavochkin LaGG-3
d. Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1 and MiG-3
e. Petlyakov Pe-3bis
f. Hawker Hurricane IIB

12) Ground Attack and Close Support Aircraft

a. Ilyushin Il-2
b. Sukhoi SU-2
c. Arkangelski Ar-2

13) Bomber Aircraft

a. Tupolev SB-2
b. Ilyushin DB-3/Il-4
c. Petlyakov Pe-2
d. Tupolev TB-3
e. Petlyakov Pe-8/TB-7
f. Yakovlev Yak-2/Yak-4

14) Short Range Reconnaissance, Army Cooperation and Support Aircraft

a. Polikarpov R-5
b. Polikarpov R-Z
c. Nyeman R-10
d. Polikarpov U-2/Po-2

15) Coastal Aviation, Patrol and Anti-Ship Aircraft

a. Beriev MBR-2/Be-2

3. The Tables of Organisation and Equipment (TOE) for Soviet Land Combat Units from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

1) Red Army Rifle Units

a. Rifle Divisions, 5th April 1941     (Sep Diagram, TOE Soviet Rifle Division, April 1941)
b. Rifle Divisions, 29th July 1941   (Sep Diagram, TOE Soviet Rifle Division, July 1941)
c. Rifle Divisions, 6th December 1941   (Sep Diagram, TOE Soviet Rifle Division, December 1941)
d. Rifle Brigades, 22nd June 1941   (Sep Diagram, TOE Typical Rifle Brigade, June 1941)
e. Rifle Brigades, 15th October 1941   (Sep Diagram, TOE Soviet Rifle Brigade, October 1941)
f. Ski Battalions, 1941    (Sep Diagram, TOE Typical Soviet Ski Battalion, 1941)

2) Red Army Armoured, Mechanised and Motorised Units

a. A Brief History of Soviet Pre-War Mechanised Forces
b. Tank Divisions, 22nd June 1941   (Sep Diagram, TOE Soviet Tank Division, June 1941)

i. Soviet Tank Division TOE vs German Panzer Division TOE, June 1941
ii. The Soviet 1941 Tank Division and its failure in ‘Deep Battle’

c. Tank Divisions, 10th July 1941
d. Tank Brigades, 1941
e. Mechanised Divisions, 22nd June 1941
f. Motorised Divisions, 22nd June 1941
g. Motorcycle Regiments, June 1941

3) Red Army Cavalry Units

a. A Brief History of Soviet Pre-War Cavalry Forces
b. Cavalry Divisions 22nd June 1941
c. Mountain Cavalry Divisions, 22nd June 1941
d. Cavalry Divisions, 6th July 1941

4) Red Army Mountain Units

a. A Brief History of Soviet Pre-War Mountain Forces
b. Mountain Rifle Divisions, 22nd June 1941

5) Red Army Airborne Units

a. A Brief History of Soviet Pre-War Airborne Forces
b. Soviet Airborne Brigades, April 1941
c. Soviet Airborne Brigades, September 1941

6) Soviet Naval Ground Combat Units

a. Soviet Naval Infantry Brigades, 22nd June 1941
b. Soviet Naval Rifle Brigades, 18th October 1941

7) NKVD Combat Units

a. NKVD Border Guard Forces

i. NKVD Border Guard Detachments/Units, 22nd June 1941
ii. NKVD Border Regiments, Post 22nd June 1941

b. NKVD Internal Guard Forces

i. NKVD Rail Security Divisions and Regiments, 22nd June 1941
ii. NKVD Security or Rifle Brigade
iii. NKVD Armoured Trains

c. NKVD Tactical Forces

i. NKVD Motorised Divisions, 1941
ii. NKVD Rifle Divisions, 1941

8) Soviet Militia Units

a. Militia Rifle Divisions, 1941
b. Moscow Militia Rifle Divisions, 1941
c. Militia Fighter Battalions

9) Red Army Corps, Army and Front Level Units

a. Red Army Corps and Army Level Artillery Units

i. Corps Artillery Regiments
ii. RVGK Cannon and Howitzer Regiments
iii. RVGK Super Heavy Howitzer Regiments, (BM)
iv. RVGK High Power Artillery Battalions, (OM)
v. RVGK Mortar Battalions
vi. RVGK (Army) Artillery Regiments, September 1941
vii. RVGK Rocket Artillery Regiments and Battalions

b. Red Army Corps and Army Level Anti-Tank Units

i. RVGK Anti-Tank Brigades, April 1941
ii. Anti-Tank Regiments, July-November 1941

c. Red Army Corps and Army Level Anti-Aircraft Units

i. Army Anti-Aircraft Battalions

d. Red Army Corps and Army Level Engineer Units

i. Engineering Regiments and Battalions, June 1941
ii. Pontoon Bridge Regiments and Battalions, June 1941
iii. Army Construction Battalions

e. Soviet Headquarter (HQ) Units

i. Rifle Corps HQs
ii. Mechanised Corps HQs
iii. Cavalry Corps HQs
iv. Airborne Corps HQs
v. Army HQs
vi. Front HQs
vii. PVO Air Defence Corps HQs

10) Soviet Strategic Defence Ground Forces

a. PVO-strany, National Air Defence Ground Units
b. Fortified Sectors or Regions
c. Coastal Artillery

11) Railroad Artillery and Armoured Trains

a. Railroad Artillery
b. Armoured Trains

12) Review of the Authorised Sizes of Soviet Divisions and Brigades, from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

a. Pre-war Divisions and Brigades
b. Post-June 1941 divisions and brigades

4. The Order of Battle (OOB) of Soviet Land Combat Units on 22nd June 1941

(Separate Table, Soviet Deployment Example: Leningrad Military District on 22nd June 1941)
(Separate Table, Soviet Deployment Example: Kiev Special Military District on 22nd June 1941)

5. The Transfer Schedule of Soviet Land Combat Units, which were a Deployed (D) State, to the USSR’s Western Fronts from 23rd June to 31st December 1941

1) The Siberian Divisions

6. The Actual Strength of all Soviet Land Combat Units in a Deployed (D) State on 22nd June 1941

1) Review of the Overall Strengths of Selected Red Army Units and PVO forces on 22nd June 1941

a. The Rifle Divisions
b. The Mechanised Corps
c. The AT Brigades
d. The Fortified Sectors
e. The PVO Ground Forces

2) The Leningrad Military District (Northern Front from 24th June 1941)

a. Rifle Divisions
b. 1st Mechanised Corps
c. 10th Mechanised Corps
d. The Hango Peninsula Garrison
e. Leningrad Military District, Front, Army and Corps Support Units
f. Total Manpower and Equipment in the Leningrad Military District, 22nd June 1941

3) The Baltic Special Military District (Northwestern Front from 22nd June 1941)

a. Rifle Divisions
b. NKVD Rifle Divisions
c. 5th Airborne Corps
d. 3rd Mechanised Corps
e. 12th Mechanised Corps
f. Garrisons on the Islands of Oesel (Saaremaa) and Dago (Hiiumaa)
g. Baltic Special Military District, Front, Army and Corps Support Units
h. Total Manpower and Equipment in the Baltic Special Military District, 22nd June 1941

4) The Western Special Military District (Western Front from 22nd June 1941)

a. Rifle Divisions
b. 4th Airborne Corps
c. 6th Cavalry Corps
d. 6th Mechanised Corps
e. 11th Mechanised Corps
f. 13th Mechanised Corps
g. 14th Mechanised Corps
h. 17th Mechanised Corps
i. 20th Mechanised Corps
j. Western Special Military District, Front, Army and Corps Support Units
k. Total Manpower and Equipment in the Western Special Military District, 22nd June 1941

5) The Kiev Special Military District (Southwestern Front from 22nd June 1941)

a. Rifle Divisions
b. Mountain Rifle Divisions
c. 1st Airborne Corps
d. 5th Cavalry Corps
e. 4th Mechanised Corps
f. 8th Mechanised Corps
g. 9th Mechanised Corps
h. 15th Mechanised Corps
i. 16th Mechanised Corps
j. 19th Mechanised Corps
k. 22nd Mechanised Corps
l. 24th Mechanised Corps
m. Kiev Special Military District, Front, Army and Corps Support Units
n. Total Manpower and Equipment in the Kiev Special Military District, 22nd June 1941

6) The Odessa Military District (Including the 9th Separate Army)

a. Rifle Divisions
b. Mountain Rifle Divisions
c. 3rd Airborne Corps
d. Cavalry Divisions
e. 2nd Mechanised Corps
f. 18th Mechanised Corps
g. Odessa Military District, Front, Army and Corps Support Units
h. Total Manpower and Equipment in the Odessa Military District, 22nd June 1941

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