Volume IIIB – The Soviet Forces, Mobilisation and War Economy: June to December 1941 (Part II).

Overview

Volume IIIB completes the Soviet Forces and war economy in 1941. It continues where Volume IIIA stops: with a detailed analysis of the unit, personnel and equipment strengths in each Military District in the USSR on 22nd June 1941.

The VVS (Soviet Air Force) OOB is treated with similar thoroughness: all VVS Military Districts are shown separately, and the detail includes all VVS-KA, VVS-VMF and VVS-DBA units. The VVS tables also include complete information on the aircraft types and readiness of all air-combat (and transport) units on 21st June 1941. In addition, VVS reinforcements, withdrawals, aircraft replacements and aircraft production during 1941 are discussed.

Volume IIIB also includes chapters (each with analyses and data tables) on the following: Soviet weapons, equipment and personnel distribution across the USSR in June 1941; Soviet mobilisation, war production, reinforcements, replacements, casualties, logistics, supply distribution efficiency, and naval forces during 1941.

The size of Volume III – The Soviet Armed Forces, Mobilisation and War Economy from June to December 1941, dictates it is published in two separate books (each, 500 -700 plus pages).

Table of content

Operation Barbarossa: the Complete Organisational and Statistical Analysis, and Military Simulation Volume IIIB

Table of Contents

The Soviet Armed Forces, Mobilisation and War Economy from June to December 1941

List of Abbreviations

Introduction

1. The Actual Strength of all Soviet Land Combat Units in a Deployed (D) State on 22nd June 1941

1) Reserves of the Stavka GK (Headquarters of the Main Command)

a. The 16th Army

i. Rifle Divisions
ii. 5th Mechanised Corps and the Lepel Offensive Operation
iii. Total Manpower and Equipment in the 16th Army, 22nd June 1941

b. The 19th Army

i. Rifle Divisions
ii. 26th Mechanised Corps
iii. Total Manpower and Equipment in the 19th Army, 22nd June 1941

a. The 20th Army

i. Rifle Divisions
ii. 7th Mechanised Corps
iii. Total Manpower and Equipment in the 20th Army, 22nd June 1941

a. The 21st Army

i. Rifle Divisions
ii. 25th Mechanised Corps
iii. Total Manpower and Equipment in the 21st Army, 22nd June 1941

a. The 22nd Army

i. Rifle Divisions
ii. Total Manpower and Equipment in the 22nd Army, 22nd June 1941

a. The 24th Army

i. Rifle Divisions
ii. Total Manpower and Equipment in the 24th Army, 22nd June 1941

a. Separate Stavka Reserves

i. Rifle Divisions
ii. 21st Mechanised Corps
iii. Total Manpower and Equipment in the Separate Stavka Reserves, 22nd June 1941

a. Total Manpower and Equipment in the Reserves of the STAVKA GK, 22nd June 1941

2) Internal Military Districts and Non-Active Fronts

3) The Moscow Military District

a. Rifle Divisions
b. Moscow Military District, Front, Army and Corps Support Units
c. Total Manpower and Equipment in the Moscow Military District, 22nd June 1941

4) The Orel Military District

a. Rifle Divisions
b. 23rd Mechanised Corps
c. Orel Military District, Front, Army and Corps Support Units
d. Total Manpower and Equipment in the Orel Military District, 22nd June 1941

5) The Kharkov Military District

a. Rifle Divisions
b. 2nd Airborne Corps
c. Kharkov Military District, Front, Army and Corps Support Units
d. Total Manpower and Equipment in the Kharkov Military District, 22nd June 1941

6) The Volga Military District

a. Volga Military District, Front, Army and Corps Support Units
b. Total Manpower and Equipment in the Volga Military District, 22nd June 1941

7) The North Caucasus Military District

a. Rifle Divisions
b. Mountain Rifle Divisions
c. North Caucasus Military District, Front, Army and Corps Support Units
d. Total Manpower and Equipment in the North Caucasus Military District, 22nd June 1941

8) The Transcaucasus Military District

a. Rifle Divisions
b. Mountain Rifle Divisions
c. Cavalry and Mountain Cavalry Divisions
d. 28th Mechanised Corps
e. Transcaucasus Military District, Front, Army and Corps Support Units
f. Total Manpower and Equipment in the Transcaucasus Military District, 22nd June 1941

9) The Archangel’sk Military District

a. Rifle Divisions
b. Archangel’sk Military District, Front, Army and Corps Support Units
c. Total Manpower and Equipment in the Archangel’sk Military District, 22nd June 1941

10) The Urals, Siberia, Central Asia and Transbaikal Military Districts

a. Rifle Divisions
b. Motorised Rifle Divisions
c. Mountain Rifle Divisions
d. 4th Cavalry Corps
e. 27th Mechanised Corps
f. Separate Tank and Mechanised Divisions
g. The Urals, Siberia, Central Asia and Transbaikal Military District, Front, Army and Corps Support Units
h. Total Manpower and Equipment in the Urals, Siberia, Central Asia and Transbaikal Military Districts, 22nd June 1941

11) The Far Eastern Front

a. Rifle Divisions
b. Mountain Rifle Divisions
c. Cavalry Divisions
d. Rifle Brigades
e. Airborne Brigades
f. 30th Mechanised Corps
g. Separate Tank and Mechanised Divisions
h. The Far Eastern Front, Front, Army and Corps Support Units
i. Total Manpower and Equipment in the Far Eastern Front, 22nd June 1941

12) The Soviet Tank Deployment Matrix

a. The Deployment and Composition of Red Army and NKVD Armoured Forces on 22nd June 1941
b. The Importance of Soviet Tank Deployment in June 1941
c. A Comparison of the Numbers of Available Soviet and Wehrmacht AFVs during June – July 1941
d. Soviet Tank Deployment and the Possible Intent of Stalin in 1941-1942

i. Evidence for the First Hypothesis: Invasion of Rumania and Hungary
ii. Evidence for the Second Hypothesis: Western Military District Screen Defence
iii. Evidence for the Third Hypothesis: Echeloned Defences and Counter-Attack
iv. Some Observations on the ‘Lutsk-Rovno-Dubno-Lvov’ Border Battle
v. Conclusion regarding the Possible Intent of Stalin in 1941-1942

13) Total Personnel and Equipment in the Soviet Army, NKVD, Air Force, PVO and Navy on 22nd June 1941

a. Review of the Total Personnel and Equipment in the Armed Forces of the USSR on 22nd June 1941

i. Overall Review of Available Equipment, Other than Tanks and Aircraft
ii. Review of Available Motor Vehicles and Other Transport Types
iii. Review of Available Artillery Pieces and Mortars
iv. Review of Available Total Personnel

14) Total Personnel and Equipment Allocated to Combat Units and in a Deployed (D) state in the Soviet Army, NKVD, Air Force Ground Units, PVO Ground Units and Naval Ground Units on 22nd June 1941

a. Rear Area Transport Available for Supply Distribution on 22nd June 1941
15) The Proportion of Total Available Resources which were in a Deployed (D) State in the USSR on 22nd June 1941

2. Soviet Mobilisation After 22nd June 1941: the Actual Strength of all Soviet Land Combat Units Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

1) The use of the Homogeneous Model to Study Soviet Ground Force Mobilisation after the 22nd June 1941

2) Definition of Deployed (D), Mobilised and Deployed (MD), and Mobilised and Not Deployed (MND) in the Soviet FILARM Model

3) The MD and MND Matrices

a. The Structure of the MD and MND Matrices

i. FILARM Classification
ii. Combat Unit Designation
iii. Start Formation Date
iv. Formation Region
v. Primary Source of Personnel and Equipment
vi. Amount of Reserves Used
vii. Start Strength when Deployed (D)
viii. Completed Formation Date
ix. Deployment (D) Date
x. Where Deployed (D)
xi. Comments
xii. The Total Number of Combat Units Mobilised and Deployed (MD), and the Total Amount of Reserves Used by MD Units
xiii. The Total Number of Combat Units Mobilised and Not Deployed (MND), and the Total Amount of Reserves Used by MND Units
xiv. The Total Number of Combat Units Mobilised and the Total Amount of Reserves Used by All Mobilised Combat Units
xv. The Total Number of Combat Units Mobilised With a Specific TOE, and the Total Amount of Reserves Used by Mobilised Units which Used this TOE

b. Resources Used by Mobilised Combat Units with a Specific TOE

i. Reserve Personnel Allocated to MD Combat Units by Month
ii. Reserve Personnel Allocated to MD Combat Units by Month, Excluding Forces Remaining in the Transcaucasus in 1941

4) Red Army and Soviet Militia Rifle Units Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

a. Rifle Divisions Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

(Separate Table, Soviet Rifle Divisions Mobilised from June to December 1941)
(Separate Table, Resources Used by Newly Mobilised Soviet Rifle Divisions from June to December 1941)

b. Militia Rifle Divisions Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
c. Rifle Brigades Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
d. Ski Units Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
e. Militia Fighter Battalions Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

5) Soviet Armoured, Mechanised and Motorised Units Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

a. Tank Divisions Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
b. Tank Brigades Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
c. Mechanised Divisions Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

6) Red Army Cavalry Units Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

a. Cavalry Divisions Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
b. Mountain Cavalry Divisions Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
c. Cavalry Corps HQs Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

7) Red Army Mountain Units Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

a. Mountain Divisions Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

8) Red Army Airborne Units Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

a. Airborne Brigades Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
b. Airborne Corps HQs Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

9) Soviet Naval Ground Units Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

a. Naval Infantry Brigades Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
b. Naval Rifle Brigades Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

10) NKVD Combat Units Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

a. NKVD Motorised divisions Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
b. NKVD Rifle Divisions Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
c. NKVD Border Regiments Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
d. NKVD Security or Rifle Brigades Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

11) Red Army Corps and Army Level Units Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

a. RVGK (Army) Artillery Regiments Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
b. RVGK Mortar Battalions Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
c. RVGK Rocket Artillery Regiments and Battalions Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
d. Anti-Tank (AT) Regiments Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
e. Anti-Aircraft (AA) Battalions Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
f. RVGK Engineer and Construction Battalions Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
g. Armoured Trains Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
h. Soviet Army and Front HQs Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

i. Army HQs Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
ii. Front HQs Mobilised from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

12) Soviet Ground Forces Mobilised in the Far East from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

13) The Soviet Tank MD and MND Matrix

14) The Total Resources Allocated to Newly Mobilised Units from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

a. Rear Area Transport Available for Supply Distribution from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

15) The Total Resources in the USSR that were Available for Use by Newly Mobilised Units from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

a. Total Available Resources in the USSR Unallocated to Deployed (D) Units on 22nd June 1941
b. New Resources Produced and Received in the USSR from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

16) Resources Unallocated to any Deployed (D), MD or MND Units in 1941

17) The Proportion of Total Available Resources Allocated to Deployed (D) and Newly Mobilised Units in 1941

a. Conclusions in Regard to the Weaknesses, Bottlenecks and Constraints on the Soviet Mobilisation Process in 1941

i. Rear Area Support Unit
ii. Transport
iii. Machine Guns (MGs)
iv. Mortars
v. Anti-Tank (AT) and Divisional Field Guns
vi. Medium to Heavy artillery
vii. Tanks
viii. Anti-Aircraft (AA) Weapons

18) The Resource Replacements (R) Available to the Red Army, NKVD, PVO and Soviet Militia from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

a. Small Arms Used by all Ground Combat Units in the USSR in 1941, including Replacements (R)
b. Personnel Used by all Types of Replacements (R)
c. The Timing of Replacements (R) in the Period June to December 1941

3. The Soviet Air Forces in 1941

1) The structure of the Soviet Air Forces (VVS): June to December 1941

a. The VVS Overall Command Structure
b. The Structure of the VVS KA Aviation Divisions: June 1941
c. The Structure of the VVS VMF Aviation Brigades: June 1941
d. The Structure of the VVS Aviation Divisions: July to December 1941

2) The Order of Battle and Actual Strength of all Soviet Air Combat Units in a Deployed (D) State on 22nd June 1941

a. Aircraft Serviceability and Numbers of Operational Aircraft
b. VVS-Leningrad Military District (Northern Front from 24th June 1941)

(Separate Table, VVS KA (Red Army) Deployment, Leningrad Military District, 22nd June 1941)
(Separate Table, VVS VMS (Naval) Deployment, Leningrad Military District, 22nd June 1941)

c. VVS-Baltic Special Military District (Northwestern Front from 22nd June 1941)
d. VVS-Western Special Military District (Western Front from 22nd June 1941)
e. VVS-Kiev Special Military District (Southwestern Front from 22nd June 1941)
f. VVS-Odessa Military District, Including 9th Separate Army (Southern Front)
g. VVS-Long Range Bomber Aviation (DBA)
h. VVS Forces in the Internal Military Districts
i. VVS-Far Eastern Front

3) The Soviet Aircraft Deployment Matrix

a. The Composition of the Soviet VVS KA, VVS VMF and PVO Air Forces on 22nd June 1941
b. Numbers and Deployment of Modern Aircraft in the VVS on 22nd June 1941, and comparison to the Luftwaffe’s invasion forces

i. Fighters
ii. Ground Support-Ground Attack Aircraft
iii. Bombers

c. Soviet Aircraft Deployment and the Possible Intent of Stalin in 1941-1942

i. Evidence for the First Hypothesis: Invasion of Rumania and Hungary
ii. Evidence for the Second Hypothesis: Western Military District Screen Defence
iii. Evidence for the Third Hypothesis: Echeloned Defences and Counter-Attack

4) Soviet Air Combat Unit Reinforcements: June 1941 to January 1942

a. The Transfer of Deployed (D) Air Combat Units to the USSR’s Western Fronts: June to December 1941
b. Newly Mobilised VVS KA, VVS VMF and PVO Air Combat Units: June 1941 to January 1942

5) Overall Soviet Combat Aircraft Usage, Production and Replacements (R): 22nd June to 31st December 1941

a. Review of the VVS Aircraft Losses in 1941

4. The Supply Distribution Efficiency (SDE) for the Soviet Armed Forces from 22nd June to 31st December 1941

1) SDE for all Deployed (D) Land Combat Units on 22nd June 1941
2) SDE for all Deployed (D) Land Combat Units in the Western Military Districts on 22nd June 1941
3) SDE for all MD and MND Land Combat Units from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
4) SDE for all Deployed (D), MD and MND Land Combat Units from 22nd June to 31st December 1941
5) Inclusion of the Soviet Air Force’s (VVS) Air Combat Units in the SDE Calculation
6) Parameters Relating Specifically to the Calculation of Soviet SDE in 1941

a. Specific Weapon System or Squad Supply Demand Factors (SDFs)
b. The Soviet Soldiers Apparent Ability to ‘Live Off the Land’
c. Proportion of Available Rear Area Trucks, Tractors and Light Transports Allocated to Rear Area SDE functions

i. Proportion Available on the 22nd June 1941
ii. Proportion Available from the 22nd June to 31st December 1941

d. Average Lift Capacity of Soviet Motorised Vehicles and Horse Teams: Measured in Metric Ton Kilometres per Day

i. Average Transport Load Capacity (L)
ii. Average Distance Moved Per Day (D)
iii. Comparison of Average Soviet and German Lift Capacity (L*D)

7) Conclusions Relating to the Soviet Armed Force’s SDE in 1941

5. A Review of the Numbers and Strengths of Soviet Land Combat Units Mobilised from June to December 1941

1) The Number of Soviet Land Combat Units Mobilised and Deployed (MD) in 1941
2) The Authorised Strength (TOE) of Soviet Land Combat Units Mobilised in 1941
3) The Actual Strength of Soviet Land Combat Units Mobilised in 1941
4) The Number of Soviet Land Combat Units Mobilised in 1941, Including Divisional Equivalents Resulting from Replacements (R)
5) Soviet Combat Units Mobilised in the Moscow-Tula-Kalinin-Gorki Area in 1941
6) Soviet Losses in 1941, Measured in Terms of Divisional Equivalents
7) Comments and Conclusions Regarding the Soviet Mobilisation and War Philosophy

6. Soviet Naval Forces: June to December 1941

1) Red Navy High Level Commands: June 1941
2) The Red Banner Baltic Fleet

a. The Actual Strength of Soviet Naval Units in the Baltic: June 1941
b. A Summary of Soviet Naval Operations and Naval Losses in the Baltic: June to December 1941

3) The Black Sea Fleet

a. The Actual Strength of Soviet Naval Units in the Black Sea: June 1941
b. A Summary of Soviet Naval Operations and Naval Losses in the Black Sea: June to December 1941

4) The Northern Fleet

a. The Actual Strength of Soviet Naval Units in the Arctic Region: June 1941
b. A Summary of Soviet Naval Operations and Naval Losses in the Arctic Region: June to December 1941

5) The Pacific Fleet

a. The Actual Strength of Soviet Naval Units in the Pacific: June 1941
b. A Summary of Soviet Naval Operations and Naval Losses in the Pacific: June to December 1941

6) Separate Inland Waterway Flotillas
7) Soviet Naval Vessel Reinforcements: July to December 1941

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